Causes and treatments of Canine Dermatitis


Causes and treatments of Canine Dermatitis | Dogalize

‘Canine Dermatitis’ means ‘inflammation of dog skin’. It is fairly common in companion dogs and is one of the most frustrating conditions that pet parents have to deal with. Dermatitis is usually a chronic condition with frequent chances of recurrence!

What are the symptoms?

Dermatitis in dogs can cause wide ranges of clinical signs and symptoms depending on the pet’s health, living environment and immune system. The hallmark of canine dermatitis is intense Untitled-5itchiness (or also called pruritus) which may or may not fluctuate seasonally. Pruritus will be responded with intense scratching, licking, pawing, chewing and/or biting at the skin, rubbing the head on the floor or ground.

Redness, thickening, oily and fowl smelling of the affected skin are commonly seen. Other common signs may include, hair loss (alopecia); may be patchy or symmetrical; inflammation (redness, swelling, irritation) of the paws, legs, tail base, flank, neck and/or armpit areas, hot spots; raw, weeping, painful sores; usually due to self-trauma, raised red skin eruptions or bumps, dry, scaly, crusty skin (dandruff), ear infections with foul odour coming from the ears.

How can it be treated?

The goals of treating dermatitis in dogs are to control the inflammation and itchiness associated with the disorder, to resolve the underlying causes and restoring the dog’s comfortable quality of life.

Find the cause: Before resorting to topical, oral or parenteral medications to treat the symptoms of dermatitis, pet parents and their veterinarians need to figure out why the dogs are having skin problems in the first place. They should pay particular attention to the dog’s home environment and living conditions.

Safeguard your pooch: External parasites (such as ear mites, fleas, lice and ticks) are common contributors to canine dermatitis. Fortunately, there are many preventative and treatment measures that can help keep these annoying pests away from our dogs.

Get rid of internal parasites: Internal parasites, such as tapeworms and hookworms, also can contribute to canine dermatitis by reducing the affected dog’s immune system. Consult your vet.

Be diet-conscious: All companion dogs should be fed a high-quality and well-balanced diet. Essential fatty acids and vitamins can help dogs in maintaining hair coat and healthy skin.

Choose specific shampoo: Medicated shampoos that contain natural ingredients such as sulphur, tea tree oil, oatmeal and/or aloe can also help in reducing itchiness, moisturise skin and heal Bacterial dermatitis in puppy

Bacterial dermatitis in puppy

skin sores.

Medications by vet: Dogs with severe skin inflammation or skin infections may need to be treated with oral, topical or injectable medications to manage their diseases.

Consult your vet: Anti-inflammatory drugs, antihistamines and corticosteroids are frequently used to treat the effects of dermatitis in dogs. These medications, especially steroids, can have a number of adverse side effects, especially if they are administered for long periods of time. A veterinarian is the best one to give advice about appropriate medical treatment protocols for dermatitis in companion dogs.


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