Dog breeds: The Azawakh dog temperament and personality

Dog breeds: The Azawakh dog temperament and personality

The Azawakh dog

The Azawakh dog is named after the Azawakh Valley in the Sahara desert, where he originates.  This is a lean dog with an elegant presence. He is loyal and very protective of his family.  


The origins of the Azawakh dog take us to countries of Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso. In here, it was raised by the Fula, the Tuareg and other nomads in the Saharan and Sub-Saharan Sahel. This sighthound livestock guardian is used in West Africa for the hunting of gazelle since it can reach speeds of up to 40 miles per hour. 

These dogs are not very common in Europe or North America. The AKC recorded the breed in the Foundation Stock Service in 1997. 

Physical characteristics

These dogs have a characteristic flat back with long hind legs that place the hips higher than the withers. They have a variety of coat colors that may include blue fawn, red, grizzle, and, very rarely, black and blue.  

Males can be 25 to 29 inches tall and females stand from 23 to 27 inches. The males weigh 44 to 55 pounds, and females weigh 33 to 44 pounds.  


The Azawakh dog develops a strong bond with his owner but it is very independent. He is described as loyal and affectionate. They will simply not allow strangers to touch them but they will not be aggressive. 

Caring for an Azawakh dog

These dogs are highly active and require a good dose of physical activity to steam off. They are social animals and thrive in the company of other Azawakh. Due to their African origin, they do not like cold and rain very much but they can run restlessly under temperatures well above 100 degrees Fahrenheit.  

The Azawakh dogs do not need much grooming and they are not shedders.  


This pet responds well to training. Provide a strong and firm hand with positive reinforcement.

Fun facts

  • They are also known as the Tuareg Sloughi. 
  • The Azawakh dog is coursing hound that heals from injuries pretty fast. 

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