Dog breeds: Belgian Malinois dog temperament and personality

Dog breeds: Belgian Malinois dog, origin and personality

Belgian Malinois dog

The Belgian Malinois dog is a truly versatile dog. He is a medium-to-large dog that was initially developed as a herd dog. Today, he makes an excellent guard dog as well as a great companion. This is a working dog that is now also used as a police dog. The US Secret Service uses Belgian Malinois dogs to guard the gardens of the White House.


The Belgian Malinois dog is a member of the Belgian Shepherds family of four. These dogs are original from Malines, a French city, hence the name.

In 1885, a shepherd named Adrien Janssens purchased a dog with a rough-hair coat and pale coloration called Vos I. He used it to herd his flock and bred him to a short-haired and brindle brown. After that, he crossed Vos I with his daughters to start a homogeneous dog that became the ancestors of the Belgian Malinois dog, and at least other two breeds.

Physical characteristics

At first sight, the Belgian Malinois looks like a German shepherd. His coat is mahogany with dark spots. Males stand at 24 to 26 inches while females 22 to 24 inches tall. The weight for the males is 60 to 80 pounds and the female can weigh 40 to 60 pounds.


This dog is affectionate and very protective of his family. He loves his owners but is reserved with strangers until he decides they are trustworthy. They are working dogs and are great at detecting explosive, drugs, and many other substances.

Caring for a Belgian Malinois dog

The Belgian Malinois is an active and energetic dog that needs at least 30 minutes of walk plus exercising at home. They can do well in small apartments as long as they receive an appropriate amount of exercise. Due to her high energy content, this dog can perfectly jog or hike with you.


Belgian Malinois are very trainable. You need a firm hand and consistency. Harsh treatment will not do well with this dog.

Fun facts

  • They shed a lot.
  • This is not a dog for a first-time owner.
  • Their herding and protecting game is pretty strong.