Cystitis in Dogs – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Cystitis in dogs is basically any inflammation to the walls of the bladder. The most common cause of bladder inflammation is through bacterial infection.
What causes cystitis in dogs?
The general description of cystitis in dogs refers to any disease that might cause it. As stated before, the most common cause is a bacterial infection. The question then is how do bacteria get into a rather sterile environment, as the bladder is? Bacteria can descend into the bladder from the blood flow or the kidneys. More commonly, bacteria will ascend into the bladder through the urinary tract. In this case, while bacteria are trying to ascend, they are washed away by urine, which makes drinking water and urination a great way to prevent bacterial infection.
Other causes for cystitis in dogs is tumors, bladder stones, or polyps in the bladder. An abnormal bladder anatomy can also lead to an infection, especially in female dogs.
What are the symptoms of cystitis in dogs?
Even though your dog feels discomfort with cystitis, most probably you will not be able to notice it. The best way to be sure is through a screening test. The most common clinical sign that your dog is suffering cystitis is hematuria or urine blood. When this happens, the dog will urinate a little bit and then urinate more frequently.
The following are the most frequent signs of cystitis in dogs:
- Hematuria (Blood in the urine)
- Dysuria or Stranguria (Straining)
- Pollakiuria (frequent and small volume of urination)
- Joint aches (which cause the dog to be reluctant to move)
What is the treatment for a dog suffering cystitis?
Bacterial cystitis is treated with antibiotics. The best antibiotic is determined through an antibiotic sensitivity screening. During this antibiotic therapy, your veterinarian may prescribe more cultures to monitor the development of the disease.