Filariasis in Dogs – Cause, Symptoms, and Treatment
Filariasis in dogs is a parasitic disease caused by roundworms of the Filarioidea kind. Some species of these worms typically live in the heart of the dog and can cause death. One organism transfers the roundworms to another through vectors; mostly mosquitoes and black flies.
How can a dog get Filariasis?
The most common way for a dog to get infected with Filariasis is through a mosquito bite. A mosquito that bit an infected dog carries the roundworm and passes it on to a healthy dog. The mosquito acquires microfilariae from the infected organisms it bites. nside the mosquito’s body, they will develop into larvae.
When the microfilariae in the mosquito have become larvae, they are introduced to the dog where they continue their life cycle. Most species of Filaria are more common in tropical areas since this is where there are higher populations of mosquitoes.
What are the symptoms of Filariasis in dogs?
There seems to be little information on what are the symptoms of filariasis in dogs. The most well-known signs of the disease are:
- Coughing as if the dog had something stuck in his throat.
- Difficulty breathing
- Urine blood
- Loss of appetite
- Heart, liver, and kidney diseases.
What is the treatment for Filariasis in dogs?
Whenever you note the presence of any or some of the symptoms described above, you should take your dog to the vet. He will confirm the diagnosis through a series of tests that include a microfilaria screening tests and heartworm serology. What follows is a complete physical examination, a urinalysis, chest x-rays, and evaluation of the heart.
The veterinarian will prescribe medication to get rid of the adult worms and to eliminate the baby ones. The best way to prevent filariasis in dogs is through vaccination. So make sure you are up-to-date with your dog’s vaccines.
Here in Dogalize you will find tips to keep your dog from infection by Filaria. So, stay in touch to learn more about pets and everything related to dogs.