Dog diseases: Toxoplasmosis in dogs, symptoms and treatment

Dog diseases: Toxoplasmosis in dogs, symptoms and treatment

What is toxoplasmosis?

Toxoplasmosis is an infection that is more common in cats, but that can, however, infect dogs and humans as well.  This infection produces a variety of symptoms in dogs and cats that include muscle and neural conditions. The transmitting agent of toxoplasmosis in dogs can cause defects and even death to a human fetus, so it is recommended for pregnant women to stay away from cat waste. 

What agent is responsible for toxoplasmosis?

Toxoplasmosis in dogs, as in other guests, is produced by a very common parasite: Toxoplasma gondii. The disease can propagate through the animal´s feces or through the consumption of raw or poorly cooked meat. Once ingested, the parasite attacks the walls of the intestinal tract. If your dog’s immune system is compromised, this could be fatal. 

What are the symptoms of toxoplasmosis?

Despite the condition being much more common in cats, toxoplasmosis in dogs also has its symptoms. The most common symptoms in both species are:

What is the treatment for toxoplasmosis in dogs?

Toxoplasmosis in dogs can be of three types: acute, chronic, and fetal. If your dog has consumed contaminated raw meat or contaminated feces, he will probably develop acute toxoplasmosis. When you see the symptoms listed above, you should take him to the vet. He will take a blood sample, cerebrospinal fluid, or stool samples to confirm the diagnosis. He will administer fluids through intravenous. The veterinarian will then administer and prescribe antibiotics to stop any infection. 

There is no treatment for chronic (infection packages stored for months or years without symptoms) and fetal (fetus infected through mother) toxoplasmosis. Prevention is the best measure against toxoplasmosis. Pay attention to your dog´s hygiene and avoid feeding him raw meat. If you have a cat in your house, do not allow your dog to have access to the cat litter. 

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