Dog breeds: The Borzoi dog temperament and personality

Dog breeds: The Borzoi dog temperament and personality

The Borzoi dog

The Borzoi dog is a domestic dog, originated in Russia and developed to hunt rabbit, fox, and wolves. They have a resemblance with the greyhound and belong to the family of sighthounds. These hounds later became a favorite of royalty all across continental Europe.


The Borzoi dog was originally known as the Russian Wolfhound. The dog´s first records are as far as 1650, when the first standard was written in Russia. He was developed from dogs brought to Russia from central Asian countries during the 9th and 10th centuries. 

The nobles in Europe extensively used them for their sports hunting trips until 1861. The AKC registered the first Borzoi dog, name Princess Irma, in 1891. 

Physical characteristics

A very practical way of describing these hounds is a long-haired greyhound. Their coat is silky, flat, and often wavy or curly. The outer coat is long and wavy or curly. The undercoat is soft and thickens during winter and is shed in summer.  

Males stand at a height of at least 30 inches while females are around 26 inches. Males weigh 75 to 105 pounds and females weigh 55 to 85 pounds. 


The personality of a Borzoi dog ranges from pretty serious to clownish. He is pretty affectionate, loyal, and a pretty dignified dog. He trusts people and is not shy. His reaction toward strangers may vary. As a hunter he is, he is also an independent thinker. It is necessary for you to let your dog know that he is loved. 

Caring for a Borzoi dog

These dogs are medium-energetic and enjoy some backyard time or a short walk around the neighborhood. One thing that you need to consider is that not only these dogs like living indoors but they will want you to share your couch with them or at least provide a comfort place for them to rest their bones. 

If you take him for a walk, always use a leash. If placed on a backyard, make sure it is safely fenced. These are hunters and if they see a small animal moving they will go after it, running in front of a truck if necessary.  


The Borzoi dogs have a mind of their own. This means that they are independent thinkers, which makes them particularly difficult to train. This attitude is usually taken as stubbornness. House training should not be difficult, though. 

When training, make the sessions short and fun as these dogs get bored easily

Fun facts

  • The Russian aristocracy bred the Borzoi dog during hundreds of years. 
  • The name was changed from Russian Wolfhound in 1936.
  • Royals would take these dogs for hunting in packs of one hundred. 

Stay in touch with us here in Dogalize to learn more about other breeds. We also have a lot of information and resources to help you care for you pet.