Dog breeds: Chesapeake Bay Retriever dog

Dog breeds: Chesapeake Bay Retriever dog

Chesapeake Bay Retriever

The Chesapeake Bay Retriever dog is a muscular and active dog, developed to hunt and retrieve ducks from the Chesapeake Bay in Maryland.


This dog was born in the USA. Only a dog with the conditions of the Chesapeake Bay Retriever dog can survive the icy chop of Maryland´s Chesapeake Bay. They are thought to be descendants of Sailor and Canton, two surviving Newfoundlands from a shipwreck in England in 1807.  

The AKC officially recognized the Chesapeake Bay Retriever dog as a breed in 1878.

Physical characteristics

When you talk about a Chesapeake Bay Retriever dog’s physical trait, we talk about endurance and efficiency. His jaw is large enough to carry waterfowl. The outer coat is short, harsh, and wavy, and the undercoat is fine, dense, and wooly. This coat comes in three basic colors: brown, sedge, and deadgrass. 

He has a muscular body with a strong built. The eyes have a very distinctive yellowish or amber color. Males can be 23 to 26 inches tall and weigh 65 to 80 pounds. The females stand 21 to 24 inches and can weigh 55 to 70 pounds. 


Due to his hard working and alert nature, Chesapeake Bay Retriever dogs are great watchdogs. He has a mind of his won and can be stubborn. He is courageous, intelligent, bright, sensitive, and affectionate. 

Caring for a Chesapeake Bay Retriever

These dogs do best in cool weathers. However, they can easily thrive in warm weather if they are provided a pool for them to swim. They do need intensive exercise at home. Give him a solid 20 minutes of playing and exercising. If he is happy, he will be more than happy to just lie down and watch TV with you. Remember to include swimming in these activities. 


You need to have a strong and firm hand without being harsh. The Chesapeake Bay Retriever dog is known for being very stubborn. Once he gets an idea inside his head, it is difficult to talk him out of it. 

Fun facts 

  • They display great prowess in rough, icy water.
  • Not recommended for first-time dog owners.

Stay with us here in Dogalize to learn more about other breeds. Help yourself with the amazing resources we have prepared for you.