Gum disease in dogs: causes, symptoms and treatment

Tinkerbell Hilton

Gum disease in dogs

Gum disease in dogs is more common than we think. In fact, more than 90% of dogs will suffer it before the age of 3. During the first stages, it might not display any symptoms but as it progresses, it can be painful to your dog.

Fortunately, gum disease in dogs can be prevented. Let’s take a quick look at what this is, what causes it and how to prevent it.

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What are the causes of gum disease in dogs?

The ones to blame here are bacteria. Right after a dog has finished eating, bacteria in the mouth and saliva begin to form this sticky film that we know as plaque over the teeth.

This plaque is recognized by the body as a foreigner. When white blood cells run to attack plaque-forming bacteria, they are forced to release enzymes that break down gum tissue. This results in inflamed gums, destroyed tissue, and bone loss.

Symptoms of gum disease in dogs.

Unfortunately, pet owners cannot tell if the dog is developing gum disease until it is very advanced. The early symptoms of the condition are practically no symptoms at all.

If an owner discovers gum disease, it is probably because it is at a higher stage. The dog is probably already in pain but he will instinctively not show it as it is a sign of weakness.

These are some symptoms you will note when gum disease is hurting your dog:

  • Bleeding or red gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Problems picking up food
  • Making noises when eating or yawning
  • Lumps in the mouth
  • Not wanting to be petted on the head
  • Bloody saliva
  • Chewing on one side of the mouth

Preventing gum disease in dogs

Thankfully, there are ways in which you can prevent plaque formation on your dog’s teeth:

  1. Brush your dog’s teeth daily.
  2. Take your pet to periodic dental care.
  3. Feed your dog only quality food.
  4. Offer treats and toys for him to chew.

In Dogalize we believe that your dog deserves the best life you can give him. We have many resources you can look at to help. Visit us and check out everything we have in store for you.