So, we will start by saying that Nerium oleander is, in fact, poisonous to your dog. The also contain glycosides, which are harmful to dogs. Let’s take a look at what this plant is about and its effects on your pets.
What is Nerium oleander?
Nerium oleander is a tropical plant that gets worldwide distribution. You can mostly find it in tropical and subtropical regions. It is a shrub, evergreen and laded with beautiful flowers.
You can find this shrub in warm locations such as Hawaii and the Carribean. They are actually common along the highways.
The glycosides found in this plant (more than 30) have a negative effect on a dog’s heart. More specifically, these poisons are known as cardenolides or bufadienolides. These substances interfere with the electrolyte balance in the cardiac muscle.
Effect of Nerium oleander in Dogs
There are different levels of poisoning and that will depend on the type of plant, the part of the plant, and the amount ingested. The toxins in this plant are very similar to a heart medication used for both humans and veterinary.
Dogs who were poisoned with this plant displayed the following common symptoms of poisoning:
When examined, the electrocardiogram of affected dogs also manifested different types of arrhythmias. Blood pressure will decrease within 24 hours.
Actually, a very small dose of this toxin will cause mild effects in dogs.
What Should You do in Case of Intoxication?
This shrub can be found mostly tropical regions along roads and in the wild. However, it is important to be aware of its presence. Poisoning by this plant has become more and more common. If you detect the presence of such toxin in your dog, call your veterinarian.
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IMAGE CREDIT: PIXABAY